Fifteen newspapers circulated in Bahia between March 1821, that’s, three weeks after the February 10 rebellion that resulted within the acclamation of a Provisional Authorities Board, and June 1823, on the eve of the give up of Basic Madeira and the triumphant entry of the Brazilian Military on Estrada das Boiadas. Fourteen of those publications had been born, within the breach of the abolition of prior censorship, with the only real goal of influencing public opinion across the goal of adjusting the system of presidency, aligned or not with the Courtroom of Lisbon or the Courtroom of Rio de Janeiro.
The Agência D’Ouro do Brasil, the primary Bahian newspaper, was the one publication that didn’t seem on this context. It circulated often since Could 14, 1811, printed within the typographic workshop of Manoel Antônio da Silva Serva. Though engaged within the dispute over narratives surrounding the Independence or not of Bahia, its positioning as a enterprise newspaper prevailed, with a revenue motive, backed by commerce ads and different associated companies. This made the distinction, in its much less belligerent editorial stance in direction of opponents; “a lifeless leaf”, thus labeled within the manifest despatched to the Cortes of Lisbon, on 06/10/1822, signed by 1052 “constitutional members”. Evaluation of his ideology companions who demanded a extra bellicose speech from him.
Within the revenge of the Bahians towards the Portuguese, after the victory of the 2nd of July, the typography of the Serva household was preserved, which proves the correctness of their entrepreneurial posture. Of the 15 newspapers that circulated within the referred interval, 13 had been printed within the workshop, just one within the Imperial and Nationwide Typography of Cachoeira, despatched by José Bonifácio to the Interim Authorities Council, constituted within the Recôncavo on June 25, 1822 and, exceptionally, one circulated as a manuscript, O Morcego, which professor Luís Henrique Dias Tavares highlighted in his História da Bahia, as an initiative of a Masonic lodge. It preached the deposition of the Provisional Authorities Board and would have circulated in November 1821.
Within the checklist of the Independence press, consideration is drawn to the variety of self-styled constitutionalists, seven of them, among the many 15: Golden Age of Brazil, Semanário Cívico, Minerva Bahiense, Diário Constitucional, O Morcego, O Constitucional, Sentinella Bahiense, Analysador Constitucional , Constitutional Bulwark, Constitutional Stalker, Iron Age, Awakener of the Constitutional Trues, The Bee, The Voice of Fact, The Constitutional Impartial. Being Constitutional, no unusual reader, was an interpretation of the Structure (in progress in Porto) to the style and comfort of the editor.
The opposition newspapers Diário Constitucional, O Constitucional and O Independente Constitucional represented the planters and retailers aligned with the proposal of a Brazilian Structure with Dom Pedro I as Emperor and the legislative and judicial cases functioning within the nation with autonomy. The opposite so-called constitutional newspapers, all pro-government, principally represented retailers, navy and civil servants; they differed as to the types of authorities, generally conflicting, relying on the character of their companies.
One present advocated whole submission to the Courtroom of Lisbon, one other an alignment with the Courtroom put in in Brazil, with reservations. Each currents, uncomfortable with competitors, preached restrictions on English commerce. And all of the Independence media defended the upkeep of slavery.
Nelson Cadena is a publicist and journalist, he writes on Thursdays.
Leave a Reply